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AROMATIC AND MEDICINAL PLANTS RESEARCH STATION, ODAKKALI

Aromatic Plants Medicinal Plants Plant Names

Scientific, English and vernacular names of tropical aromatic and medicinal plants

Scientific Name

English 

Sanskrit 

Hindi 

Malayalam  

Abelmoschus moschatus (Linn.) Medicus

Ladieís Finger,

Okra

Lata kasturika

Guj

Kasthurivenda

Abrus precatorius Linn.

Wild liquorice

 

Gunja

 

Guncai

 

Kunni

Acacia catechu Willd.

Cutch tree, Black catechu

Khadirah

 

Khair, Khaira

 

Karingali

Acalypha indica Linn.

Indian acalypha

Haritamanjari

Kuppikhokhli

Kuppameni

Achyranthes aspera Linn.

Prickly chaff flower plant

Apamangah

Circita

Vankadaladi

Acorus calamus Linn.

Sweet flag

 

Ugra gandha ,

Vaca

 

Vayampu

Adhatoda beddomei C. B. Clarke

 

Vasa

 

Adusa

Chittadalotakam

Adhatoda zeylanica Medicus

Malabar nut

Vasaka

Arusha

Aadalotakam

Aegle marmelos (Linn.) Corr.

Bael tree

Holy fruit tree

Bilva

Sriphal

Bel

Koovalam

Aerva lanata (Linn.) Juss.

 

Bhadra

Chaya

Cherula

Ageratum conyzoides Linn.

Goat weed

Visamustih

Visadodi

Appa

Alangium salviifolium (Linn. f.) Wang.

Sage leaved  alangium

Ankolah

Dhera

Ankolam

Albizia lebbeck (Linn.) Benth.

Siris tree

Shirisha

Siris

Nenmenivaka

Allium cepa Linn.

Onion

Palanduh

Pyaj

Ull, Savalla

 

Allium cepa var. aggregatum

Small onion

 

 

Chuvannulli

Allium sativum Linn.

Garlic

Lasunah

Lahasun

Veluthulli

 

Allophyllus serratus Radlk.

 

Triputah

Tippani

Mukkannanpezhu

Aloe barbadensis Mill.

Indian aloe

 

Ghrta kumari

Ghikumari

Kattarvazha

Alpinia allughas Rosc.

 

Taraka

Taro

Malayinjikkuva

Alpinia calcarata Rosc.

Lesser galangal

 

 

Chittaratha, Kolinchi

Alpinia galanga Sw.

Greater galangal

Sugandhamul

Rasna

Kulainjam

Aratha, Chittaratha

Alstonia scholaris (Linn.) R. Br.

Devil tree

Saptaparnah

Shaitan ka jat

Ezhilampala

Alstonia venenata R. Br.

Alstonia

Visaghni

 

Analivegam

Amaranthus spinosus Linn.

Prickly amaranthus

Tanduliya

Katalichaulai

Mullancheera

Ammannia baccifera Linn.

Blistering ammania

Agnigarva

Dadmari 

Kalluruvi

Amomum subulatum  Roxb.

Greater cardomom

Ela

Bari elachi

Perelam

Amorphophalus companulatus (Roxb.) Bl.

Elephant foot yam

Arsaghana

Zaminkand

Chena

Anacyclus pyrethrum DC

Pellitory

Akara-karava

Akara-kara

Akkikaruka

Andrographis paniculata Nees

Green chiretta

Bhunimbah

Kakamegh

Kiryath

Anisochilus carnosus Wall.

 

 

Punjiri-ka- pat 

Mathilkkoorka,

Karppooravalli

Anisomeles malabarica R. Br.

Malabar catmint

Vaikuntah

Mahadronah

Codhara

Karimthumba

Annona squamosa Linn.

Custard apple

Sitaphalam

Sitaphal

Aatha,

Seethappazham

Antiaris toxicaria (Pers.) Lesch.

Upas tree

Valakala

 

Maravuri,

Arayanalli    

Areca catechu Linn.

 

Arecanut palm

Betelnut palm

Pugah

Supari

Kamuku,

Adackamaram

Argemone mexicana Linn.

Prickly poppy

Mexican poppy

Bramhadandi

Bharband

Brahmadanthi

Argyreia speciosa Sweet

Elephant creeper

Woolly morning creeper        

Samudrapalaka

Samandar-ka-pat

Samudrappacha

Aristolochia bracteolata Ham.

Worm killer

Bracteated birthwort

Kitamari

Kitamar

Aaduthinnappala, Easwaramooli

Aristolochia indica Linn.

Indian birthwort

Isvari

Isvarmul

Garudakkodi, Karalakam

Artemisia pallens

Davana

 

 

Davana

 

Artemisia vulgaris Linn.

Indian worm weed

Fleabane

Damanakah

Davanah

Makkippoovu

Asparagus racemosus Willd.

Asparagus

Satavari

Satavari

Satavari

Averrhoa bilimbi Linn.

Cucumber tree

Brihaddala

Kamaranga

Vilimbi 

Averrhoa carambola Linn.

Carambola, Star fruit, Chinese gooseberry

Karmarangha

Kamaranga

Aarampuli

Azadirachta indica A. Juss.

Margosa tree

Indian lilac

Nimbah

Nim

Aaryaveppu

Azima tetracantha Lam.

Mistletoe

Berrythorn

Kundali

Kantagarkimai

Essanku

Bacopa monnieri (Linn.) Pennell

Thyme-leaved gratiola

Brahmi

Barami

Jalnim

Brahmi

Baliospermum solanifolium (J. Burm.) Suresh

Castor oil plant

Danti

Danti

Nagadandi

Bambusa bambos Druce

Thorny bamboo

Spiny bamboo

Vamsah

Kantabams

Mula

Bauhinia purpurea Linn.

Camelís foot tree

Vanaraja

Lalkachna

Velutha mandaram

Bauhinia racemosa Lam.

 

Sveta kanchan

Kachnal

Mandaram, Malayathi

Bauhinia tomentosa

St.Thomas tree

Aswamantaka

Kachnar

Kanjanam, Kattathi

Bauhinia variegata Linn.

 

Mountain ebony

Kancanarah

Kancanar

Chuvanna mandaram

Biophytum sensitivum (Linn.) DC.

 

Jhullapuspah

Lajjalu

Mukkutti, Nilamthengu

Boerhaavia diffusa Linn.

Hogweed

Pigweed

Punarnava

Gadahpurna

Thazhuthama

Bombax ceiba Linn.

Red silk cotton tree

Salmali

Semal

Mullilavu

 

Brassica campestris Linn.

Swedish turnip, White mustard

Katasarshapa

Kalisarson

Velutha kaduku

 

Brassica juncea (Linn.) Czern. & Coss.

Indian mustard, Red mustard

Sarsapah

Rajika

Rayi

Kaduku

Breynia patens Benth.

 

Bahupraja

Kalamahomad

Punarmuringa

Bryonia sp.

 

Bahupatra

Gargunaru

Kanjikkottam

Butea monosperma (Lam.) Taub.

Flame of the forest

Palasah

Dhak

 Palas 

Plasu

Caesalpinia bonduc (Linn.) Roxb.

Fever nut

Bonduc nut

Latakaranjah

Kantikaranja

Kazhanchi

Caesalpinia sappan Linn.

Brazil wood

Patrangah

Patamg

Chappangam, Sappangam

Callicarpa tomentosa (Linn.) Murray

 

 

Bestra

Kattuthekku

Calotropis gigantea (Linn.) R. Br.

Gigantic swallow wort

Arkah

Madar

Erikku

Calycopteris floribunda Lam.

 

Susavi

Kokkarai

Pullanni

Cananga odorata Hook. f. & Thom.

Ylang-ylang

 

 

Pachachempakam

Capparis sepiaria Linn.

 

Kakadoni

Jal kanthari

Kakkathondi

Capparis zeylanica Linn.

 

 

Gitoranj

Karthotti

Cardiospermum halicacabum Linn.

Heartís pea

Balloon vine

Indravalli

Kapalphoti

Uzhinja, Valliuzhinja

Careya arborea Roxb.

Wild guava

Slow match tree

Katabhi

Kumbi

Pezhu

Carica papaya Linn.

Papaya

Erandakarkati

Pappita

Kappa/Kappalam

Carum bulbocastanum Koch

Bulbous caraway

 

Kala-azim

Seema jeerakam

Carum carvi Linn.

Caraway

 

Jeera

Carum

 

Cassia fistula Linn.

Indian laburnum

Golden shower

Kitamalah

Amaltas

Kanikkonna

Cassia occidentalis Linn.

Negro coffee

Stinking weed

Kasamardah

Kasaumdi

Ponnaveeram

Cassia sophera Linn.

Senna sophera

Kasamarda

Kasunda

Ponnanthakara

Casuarina equisetifolia Linn.

Beef wood

 

Janglisaru

Kattadi

Catharanthus roseus (Linn.) G. Don

Periwinkle

Nityakalyani

Sudabahar

Ushamalari, Savakkottappacha

Centella asiatica (Linn.) Urban

Indian pennywort

Mandukaparni

Brahmamanduki

Kudangal, Kudakan, Muthil

Chukrasia tabularis A. Juss.

Chikrassy

Chanana

 

Chuvanna akil

Cicca acida (Linn.) Merr.

Country gooseberry 

Lavaliphala

Harfarauri

Arinelli

Cinnamomum camphora Nees & Eberm.

Camphor tree

Karpurah

Kapur

Karppooram

Cinnamomum verum Presl

Cinnamon

Darusita

Darucini

Karuva

Cissampelos pareira Linn.

Velvet leaf

Ambastha

Akanadi

Malathangi

Cissus quadrangularis Linn.

Adament creeper

Aszthisanhara

Hadjora

Changalam-paranda

Citrus aurantifolia (Christm.) Swingle

Country lime

 

Kagzi-nimbu

Vadukappuli-narakam

Citrus limon (Linn.) Burm. f.

Rough lemon

Maha- nimbu

Bara-nimbu

Cherunarakam

Citrus maxima (Burm.) Merr.

Forbidden fruit

Madhukarkati 

Chakotra

Bablumas

Cleistanthus collinus (Roxb.) Benth. & Hook. f.

 

Indrayava

Garari

Odaku

Clematis triloba Heyne ex Roth

Bowstring hemp

Laghuparnika

Murhari

Perumkurumba

Cleome gynandra Linn.

 

Ajagandha

Hulhul

Aadunarivelam

Cleome viscosa Linn.

Wild mustard

Varada

Hurhur

Kattukaduku, Ariyavila

Clerodendrum phlomidis Linn. f.

Clerodendrum

Vatagni

Urani

Peruvelum

Clerodendrum serratum (Linn.) Moon

Beetle killer

Angaravalli

Bharang

Cheruthekku

Clerodendrum viscosum Vent.

Clerodendrum

Bhantaka

 

Bhant

Periyilam, Peruvelam

Clitoria ternatea Linn.

Clitoria

 

Aparajita

Aparajit

Sankhupushpam

Coccinia grandis (Linn.) Voigt.

Ivy gourd

Bimbika

Kanturi

Koval

Cocculus hirsutus (Linn.) Diels.

Broom creeper

Ink berry

P[atalugarudah

Patalagarudi

Pathalagarudakkodi

Coix lacryma-jobi Linn.

Jobís tears

Gavendhukah

Gurusamkru

Kakkappalunku

Coldenia procumbens Linn.

 

Tripakshee

Tripungki

Cherupulladi

Coleus amboinicus Lour.

Indian borage

Country borage

Karpuravalli

Pathurchur

Panikkoorkka

Coleus zeylanicus (Benth.) Cramer

 

 

 

Iruveli

Colocasia esculenta (Linn.) Schott

Taro

Coco yam

Alupam

Kaccalu

Chembu

Commiphora mukul (Hook. ex Stocks) Stocks

Indian bdellium

Gugulu

Gugul

Gulgulu

Coriandrum sativum Linn.

Coriander

Dhanyakam

Dhanigam

Malli

Coscinium fenestratum (Gaertn.) Colebr.

Tree turmeric

Daruharida

Jhar-I-haldi

Maramanjal

Costus speciosus (Koen.) Sm.

Costus

Pushkara

Kust 

Channakuva

Crataeva religiosa Hook. f. & Thom.

Tree leaved caper

Varunah

Barna

Neermathalam

Cressa cretica Linn.

 

Rudanti

Rudravanti

Azhukanni

Crotalaria juncea Linn.

Sun hemp

Sanabu

Sanabu

Kilukki

Croton tiglium Linn.

Purging croton

Jepulah

Jamalgota

Neervalam

Curculigo orchioides Gaertn.

 

Musali

Kalimusali

Nilappana

Curcuma amada  Roxb.

Mango ginger

Amradrakam

Amahaldi

Mangainchi

Curcuma angustifolia Roxb.

Wild arrow root

Tavakshira

Tikhur

Vellakkuva, Kattumanjal

Curcuma aromatica Salisb.

Wild turmeric

Aranyaharidra

Jangli haldi

Kasthurimanjal

Curcuma longa Linn.

Turmeric

 

Haridra

Haldi

Manjal

Cyathula prostrata (Linn.) Bl.

Small prickly chaff flower plant

Raktapamargah

Lal circita

Cherukadaladi

Cyclea peltata (Lam.) Hook. f. & Thom.

Pata root

Patha

Path

Padakkizhangu, Padathali

Cymbopogon citratus (DC.) Stapf

West Indian lemon grass

Bhustarah

Gandhatran

Injippullu

Cymbopogon flexuosus (Steud.) Wats.

East Indian Lemongrass

 

 

Injippullu

Cymbopogon martinii var. motia Roxb.

Palmarosa, Rosha grass

Dhyamakah

Gandhabei

Palmarosa

Cymbopogon martinii var. sofia

Palmarosa, Gingergrass

 

 

Palmarosa 

Cymbopogon nardus  (Linn.) Rendle

Ceylon citronella grass 

Guchcha

Gaijini

Ceylon citronella

Cymbopogon pendulus Wats.

Jammu Lemongrass

 

 

Jammu inchippullu

Cymbopogon winterianus

Java citronella

 

 

Java citronella

Cynodon dactylon (Linn.) Pers.

Dhub grass

Barmuda grass

Niladurva

Durba

Karuka

Cyperus rotundus Linn

Nut grass

Musta

Nagarmotha

Muthanga

Dalbergia latifolia Roxb.

East Indian rose wood

Shishapa

Shisham

Eetti, Veetti

Datura metel Linn.

Datura

Dhustura

 

Kaladhutara

Neela ummam

Dendrocalamus strictus (Roxb.) Nees

Male bamboo

Vansha

Banskaban

Kallanmula

Desmodium gangeticum DC.

Desmodium

Salaparni

Salparni

Orila

Desmodium triflorum (Linn.) DC.

 

Tripadi

Kudaliga

Nilamparanda

Desmostachya bipinnata Stapf

Sacrificial grass

Darbah

Davoli

Balidarbha

Dioscorea bulbifera Linn.

Potato yam

 

Ratalu

Kachil, Pannikizhangu

Dioscorea floribunda

Medicinal yam

 

 

Marunnukachil

Dregea volubilis (Linn. f.) Hook. f.

 

Hemajivanti

Nakchikkni

Velipparuthi

Ecbolium viride (Forsk.) Merr.

Blue fox tail

Nail dye

 

Udajati

Odiyamadantha

Eclipta prostrata (Linn.) Linn.

Trailing eclipta

Tekarajuah

Bhamgra

Kayyonni, Kayyunni

Elephantopus scaber Linn.

Prickly leaved elephantís foot

Hastipadi

Gobhi

Aanachuvadi

Elettaria cardamomum Maton

Cardamom

Ela

Elaci

Elam

Embelia ribes Burm. f.

Embelia

Vidangah

Vagvidang

Wizhal

Emilia sonchifolia DC.

 

Sasarutih

Hirankhun

Muyalcheviyan

Eucalyptus citriodora Hook.

Eucalyptus

 

 

Yukkali

Eucalyptus globulus Labill.

Blue gum tree

Nilanirgasa

Yukeliptas

Yukkali

Eupatorium triplinerve Vahl

Ayapana tea

Ayaparnah

Ayaparna

Aiyappana, Mrithasanjeevani

Euphorbia hirta Linn.

Australian

asthma weed

Nagarjun

Lal-dudhi

Nilappala

Euphorbia nivulia Buch.-Ham.

 

Patra-snuhi

Sij

Ilakkalli

Euphorbia thymifolia Linn.

 

Dugdhika

Dudhiya

Nilappala

Euphorbia tirucalli Linn.

Petroleum plant

Milk bush 

Trikantaka

Sehund

Thirukkalli

Euphorbia tirucalli Linn.

 

 

 

Thirukkalli

Evolvulus alsinoides (Linn.) Linn.

 

Visnukrantha

Syamakrantha

Vishnukranthi

Excoecaria agallocha  Linn.

Blinding tree

Agaru

Gangwa

Komatti

Ficus benghalensis Linn.

Banyan tree

Nyagrodhah

Bargad

Peral

Ficus heterophylla Linn. f.

 

Trayamana

 

Vallitherakam

Ficus microcarpa Linn. f.

 

Plaksah

Kamarup

Itthi

Ficus racemosa Linn.

Cluster fig

 

Udumbarah

Gular umar

Atthi

Ficus religiosa Linn.

Peepal tree

Sacred fig

Pippalah

Asvatam

 

Pippal

Arayal

Flacourtia indica Merr.

Governorís plum

Aghori

Kancu

Aghori

Flacourtia jangomas (Lour.) Raeusch.

Puneala plum 

Vikankatha 

Paniyala

Neernelli, Thaleesapathram

Garcinia gummi-gutta (Linn.) Robs.

Gamboge

Vrksamlah

Bilatti-amli

Kudampuli, Kudappuli

Gloriosa superba Linn.

Glory lily

Visalya

Kalihari

Menthonni

Glycosmis pentaphylla (Retz.) DC.

 

Asvasakothah

Girgiti

Kuttippanal

Glycyrrhiza glabra Linn.

Liquorice

Yastimadhu

Jatimadh

Irattimadhuram

Gmelina arborea Roxb.

Coomb teak

Gumbhari

Gamari

Kumizhu, Kumbil

Gymnema sylvestre R. Br.

Periploca of the woods

Madhunasini

Merasimgi

Chakkarakkolli

Hedyotis corymbosa (Linn.) Lam.

 

Parpatah

Daman pappar

Parpadakappullu

Helicteres isora Linn.

East Indian screw tree

Avarttani

Marodphali

Idampiri-valampiri

Heliotropium indicum Linn.

Indian turnsole

Vrscikali

Siriyari

Thekkada

Hemidesmus indicus (Linn.) R. Br.

Indian sarasaparilla

Sariba

Anantamul

Anantamul

Naruneendi, Nannari

Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Linn.

Shoe-flower plant

Ondrapuspi

Jasum

Chemparathi

Hibiscus sabdariffa Linn.

Roselle

 

Patwa

Mathippuli

Hibiscus tiliaceus Linn.

Yellow mallow

Bala

Bopla

Pooparuthi

Holarrhena pubescens (Buch.-Ham.) Don

Tellichery bark

Kalinga

Kurci kuda

Kudakappala

Holigarna arnottiana Hook. f.

 

 

 

Cheru, Charu

Holoptelea integrifolia (Roxb.) Planch.

Indian elm

Cirabilvah

Cibil

Aavil, Njettavil

Holostemma ada-kodien Schult.

Holostemma

Jivanti

Chirvel

Adapathian

Homonoia riparia Lour.

 

Jalavetasah

Jalbent

Aattuvanchi, Kallurvanchi

Hugonia mystax Linn.

Climbing flax

 

Kamsamarah

 

Mothirakkanni

Hybanthus enneaspermus (Linn. f.) Muell.

 

Amburuha

Rattan-purus

Orilathamara

Hydnocarpus laurifolia (Dennst) Sleum.

Maroti tree

Tuvarakah

Calmogaru

Marotti

Ichnocarpus frutescens (Linn.) R. Br.

Black creeper

Ulpalasariba

Kalidudhi

Palvalli

Indigofera tinctoria  Linn.

Indian indigo

Nilika

Nil

Neelamari, Neelichedi

Ipomoea mauritiana Jacq.

Giant potato

Kairividari

Bhilaykand

Palmuthukku

Ipomoea pes-tigridis Linn.

Tigerís foot

 

 

Pulichuvadi

Ixora coccinea Linn.

Flame of the woods

Paranti

 

Rangam

Thechi, Chethi

Jasminum grandiflorum Linn.

Spanish jasmine

Jati

Jati

Pichakam, Pichi

Jasminum sambac Ait.

Arabian jasmine 

Mallika

Moghra

Kudamulla

Jatropha curcas Linn.

Purging nut

Dravanti

Jungli erand

Kadalavanakku, Kattavanakku

Jatropha glandulifera Roxb.

 

Nikumbu

Undarbilyu

Kannatti

Jatropha gossypifolia Linn.

Tua-tua

 

 

Chuvanna-kadalavanakku

Justicia gendarussa Linn. f.

 

Vatagni

Nilanairgundi

Vathamkolli

Kaempferia galanga Linn.

 

Karcurah

Candramula

Kacholam, Kachooram

Kaempferia rotunda Linn.

Indian crocus

Bhucampakah

Abhuichampa

Chengazhineer-kizhangu

Lagenaria siceraria

Bottle gourd

Katutumbi

Titalauki

Churakka

 

Lantana camara  Linn. var. aculeata  Moldenke

Wild sage

Caturangi

Caturang

Arippu

Lawsonia inermis Linn.

Henna

Medhini

Mehanti

Mylanchi

Leea indica Merr.

 

Chatri

Kurkurjihava

Manippiranda

Leucas aspera (Willd.) Spr.

Thumbe

Dronapuspi

Chota lalkusa

Thumba

Limnophila indica (Linn.) Druce

 

Ambuja

Kuttra

Manganari

Limonia acidissima Linn.

Elephant apple

Kapitthah

Katbel

Vilarmaram

Lippia nodiflora Mich.

 

 

Vashira

Bhuikora

Neerthippali

Litchi chinensis Sonner.

 

 

Leechi

Litchi

Lobelia nicotianifolia Roth ex Roem. & Schult.

Wild tobacco

Devanala

Nala

Kattupukayila

Maranta arundinacea Linn.

Arrow root

Tavaksri

Tikhor

Kochikuva, Kuva

Melia azedarach Linn.

Pride of India

 

Mahanimbah

Mahanimb

Malaveppu

Mentha arvensis Linn.

Mint

 

Pudina

Pudina

Pudina

Mesua nagassarium (Burm. f.) Kosterm.

Mesua

Nagapuspam

Nagakesar

Nagakesaram, Churuli

Michelia champaca Linn.

Golden champa

Champakah

Champaka

Chempakam, Champaka

Mimosa pudica Linn.

Sensitive plant

Lajjalu

 

Lajjavanti

Thottavadi

Mimusops elengi Linn.

West Indian Medlar

Bakulah

Bakul

Elenji

Mirabilis jalapa Linn.

Four Oí clock plant

Krishnakeli

Gulabbas

Anthimalari

Mollugo oppositifolia Linn.

Bitter cumin

Phanija

Jima

Kaippujeerakam

Morinda umbellata Linn.

 

Pitadaru

 

Kudalchurukki

Moringa  oleifera Lam.

Drum-stick tree

Sigruh

Mungana

Muriga, Moringa

Morus acedosa Griff.

 

 

Shalmali

Tut

Kambilimaram, Yusham

Mucuna pruriens (Linn.) DC.

Cowhage

Atmagupta

Gonca

Naikurana

Mukia maderaspatana (Linn.) M. Roemer

 

Tirkoskai

Agumaki

Mukkapperam

Murraya koenigii (Linn.) Spreng.

Curry leaf

Kalasakh

Mithipam

Kariveppu

Mussaenda frondosa Linn.

White lady

Sriparnah

Bedina

Vellila

Myristica fragrans Houtt.

Nutmeg tree

Jati

Jayphal

Jathi

Naregamia alata Wt. & Arn.

Goanese ipecacuanh

Triparnika

Tinparni

Nilanarakam

Nerium oleander Linn.

Indian oleander

Karavirah

Karavira

Arali

Nervilia aragoana Gaud.

 

Padmacarini

Sthalapadma

Orilathamara

Nyctanthes arbor-tristis Linn.

Night jasmine

Parijatah

Harsinghar

Pavizhamulla

Nymphaea rubra Roxb.

Indian red water lily

Aruna kamala

Chhota kamal

Velutha ambal

Ochrocarpus longifolius

Indian laurel

Punnag

Nagkesar

Punna

Ocimum americanum Linn.

Hoary basil

Aranyatulasi

Vantulasi

Katturamathulasi

Ocimum basilicum Linn.

Sweet basil

Barbari

Babauitulasi

Ramathulasi

Ocimum gratissimum Linn.

Shrubby basil

Vridha tulasi

Ram tulasi

Karpoorathulasi, Kattuthrithavu

Ocimum tenuiflorum Linn.

Sacred basil

Surasah

Poojatulasi

Krishnathulasi

Operculina turpethum (Linn.) S. Manso

Indian jalap

Trivirt

Tarbut

Thrikolpakkonna

Opuntia dillenii (Ker-Gawler) Haworth

Prickly pear

Vidara

Nagphana

Palakakkalli, Nagathali

Oroxylum indicum (Linn.) Vent.

Indian trumphrt tree

Syonakah

Sonapatha

Palakappayyani

Ougeinia dalbergioides Benth.

Chariot tree

Tinisah

Tinnas

Thodukara

Oxalis corniculata Linn.

Inda

 

 

Puliyaral

Pavetta indica Linn.

Indian sorrel    

Cangeri

 

Amrulsak

Pavatta

Phoenix dactylifera Linn.

Date palm

Kharjurah

Khajur

Eenthappana

Phoenix pusilla Gaertn.

Small wind date palm

Parusakah

Palavat

Chitteenthal

Phyllanthus amarus Schum. & Thonn.

 

Tamalaki

Jaramala

Keezharnelli

Phyllanthus emblica Linn.

Indian gooseberry

Amlaka

Amla

Nelli

 

Physalis minima Linn.

Sunberry

 

Mrdukuncika

Bandhapariya

Njottanjodiyan

Pimenta racemosa J. W. Moore

Bayberry

 

 

Cheenamulaku

Pinus roxburghii Sargent

Chirpine

Saralah

Sarala

Charalam

Piper betle Linn.

Betel pepper

Tambulavalli 

Pan

Vettila

Piper chaba Hunter

Bengal pepper

Chavika

 

Chab

Benglathippali

Piper longum Linn.

Long pepper

Pippali

 

Piplamul

Thippali

Piper nigrum Linn.

Black pepper

Maricam

Kalimirc

Kurumulaku

Pistia stratiotes Linn.

Water letuce

 

Kumbhika

Jalkumbhi

Kodappayal

Plumbago indica Linn.

Red flowered leadwort

 

 

Chethikkoduveli

Plumbago zeylanica Linn.

White flowered leadwort

Chitraka

Chitarak

Vellakkoduveli

Plumeria rubra Linn.

Pogodo tree

Ksiracampaka

Golenci

Poomaram

 

Pogostemon patchouli Hook. f.

Patchouli

 

Pacholi

Pachila

Polyalthia longifolia Benth. & Hook. f.

Mast tree

Ulkatah

Debdari

Aranamaram

Pongamia pinnata (Linn.) Pierre

Indian beech

Karanj

Karanja

Ungu/ Pongu 

Portulaca oleracea Linn.

Indian parselane

Brihalloni

Baralunia

Cheriyagolicheera

Premna integrifolia Linn.

Headache tree

Agnimanthah

Arni

Munja

Prunus amygdalus Batsch

Almond tree

Badama

Badam

Badham

Prunus cerasoides D. Don

Bird cherry

Padmakah

Patmakath

Pathimukham

Pseudarthria viscida (Linn.) Wt. & Arn.

 

Salaparni

 

Moovila

Psidium guajava Linn.

Guava tree

Perukah

Amrud

Pera

Psoralea corylifolia Linn.

Babchi

Vakucai

Bakuci

Karkolari

Pterocarpus marsupium Roxb.

Indian kino tree

Asanah

Bijasal

Venga

Pterocarpus santalinus Linn.

Red sandal wood

Raktachandanah

Raktachandana

Rakthachandanam

Punica granatum Linn.

Pomegranate

Dadimah

Dhalim

Mathalam

Raphanus sativus Linn.

Radish

Mulika

Muli

Mullanki

Rauvolfia serpentina (Linn.) Benth. ex Kurz.

Serpent wood

Sarpagandha

Chandrabhaga

Sarpagandhi, Amalpori

Rhaphidophora pertusa Schott

 

Sphotyabhujangam

 

Elithandan

Rhinacanthus nastus (Linn.) Kurz.

Snake jasmine

Yuthikaparni

Palakjuhi

Nagamulla

Ricinus communis Linn.

Castor

Erundah

Erand

Aavanakku

Rotula aqautica Lour.

 

 

Pasanabhedah

 

Kallurvanchi

Rubia cordifolia Linn.

Indian madder

 

Manjistha

Mamjith

Manchatti

Ruta graveolens Linn.

Garden rue

 

Gucchapatra

Pismaram

Sudab 

Arootha

Saccharum arundinaceum Retz.

Devil sugarcane

Munjah

Ramsar

Amadarbha

Saccharum spontaneum Linn.

Thatch grass

Kasah

Kas

Kusadarbha

Salacia reticulata Wt.

 

Vairi

 

Ekanayakam

Sansevieria roxburghiana Schult.

Indian bow string hemp

 

Murva

Murva

Muramachi

Santalum album Linn.

Sandal tree 

Chandanah

Santal

Chandanam

Saraca asoca (Roxb.) De Wilde

Ashoka

Asoka

Asoka

Asokam

Sarcostemma acidum (Roxb.) Voigt.

Moon plant

Somavalli

Somlata

Somalatha

Saussurea lappa C. B. Clarke

Costus

Kustah

Kuth

Kottam

Scaevola taccada

Fan flower

 

 

Bhadraksham

 

Schleichera oleosa (Lour.) Oken

Lac tree,  Ceylon oak

Mukulakah

Kasum

Poovam

Sesbania grandiflora (Linn.) Poiret

Swamp pea

Agastayah

Hathya

Agathi

Sida acuta Burm. f.

Horn bean leaved sida

Bala

Bariara

Kurunthotti

 

Sida cordifolia Linn.

Bala

Brela

Bariar

Kattooram

 

Sida rhombifolia Linn. ssp. retusa (Linn.) Borss.

 

Bala

Jamglimethi

Aanakkurunthotti

Solanum americanum Mill.

 

 

 

Manithakkali

Solanum khasianum C. B. Clarke

 

 

 

Chunda

Solanum melongena Linn. var. incanum (Linn.) Prain

 

Brihati

Baigan

Cheruvazhuthina

Solanum surattense Burm. F.

Yellow berried nightshade

Kantakari

Remgani

Kantakarichunda

Solanum torvum Swartz

West Indian Turkey berry

 

Tit-baigan

Kattuchunda

Solanum violaceum Ortega

 

 

 

Putharichunda

Sphaeranthus indicus Linn.

East Indian globe thistle

Mundi

Mundi

Adakkamanian

Spilanthes calva DC.

Paracress

 

Pipulka

Akkikaruka

 

Spondias pinnata (Linn. f.) Kurz.

Hog plum

Amratakah

Amra

Ambazham

Stereospermum suaveolens DC.

 

Patala

Paral

Pathiri

Strychnos nux-vomica Linn.

Strychinine tree

Karaskara

Kajra

Kanjiram

Strychnos potatorum Linn. f.

Clearing nut tree

Tiktaphala

Nirmali

Kadakam, Thettamparal

Symplocos cochinchinensis (Lour.) S. Moore

 

Lodhrah

Bholiya

Pachhotti

Syzygium aromaticum (Linn.) Merr.

Clove

 

 

Grambu

Syzygium cumini (Linn.) Skeels

Black plum

Jambuh

Jamun

Njaval

Syzygium jambos (Linn.) Alst.

Rose apple

Campeyah

Gulab jamun

Chamba, Jamba

Syzygium zeylanicum DC.

 

 

 

Njara

Tabernaemontana divaricata (Linn.) Roem. & Schult.

East Indian rosebay

Nandivrksah

Chandni

Nanthiarvattam

Tamarindus indica Linn.

Tamarind tree

Tintrini

Ampli

Valanpuli

Tectona grandis Linn. f.

Teak

Sakah

Sagaun

Thekku

Tephrosia purpurea Pers.

Wild indigo

Sarapunkah

Sarphomka

Kozhinjil

Terminalia arjuna Wt. & Arn.

White murdah

Arjunah

Arjun

Neermaruthu

Terminalia bellirica (Gaertn.) Roxb.

Belleric myrobalan

Aksha

Bulla

Thanni

Terminalia catappa Linn.

Indian almond

Grahadruma

Budam

Nattubadham

Terminalia chebula Retz.

Chebulic myrobalan

Haritaki

Harara

Kadukka

Terminalia paniculata Roth

Flowering murdah

Marutu

 

Poomaruthu

Terminalia tomentosa Wt. & Arn.

Black murdah

Dharaphala

Ain

Karimaruthu

Thespesia populnea (Linn.) Sol. ex Corr.

Portia tree

Haripuccah

Paraspipal

Poovarasu

Tiliacora acuminata (Lam.) Miers

 

 

 

Bagamushada

Vallikkanjiram

Tinospora cordifolia (Willd.) Hook. f. & Thom.

Tinospora

Amrita

Giloe

Chittamrithu

Tinospora malabarica (Lam.) Miers

 

Sudarsana

Gurch

Kattamrithu

Trachyspermum roxburghianum (DC.) Sprague

Ajowan

Ajamoda

Ajmud

Ayamodakam

Tragia involucrata Linn.

Indian stinging nettle

Dusparsa

Barhantia

Kodithoova

Tribulus terrestris Linn.

Puncture vine

Goksurah

Gokharu

Njerinjil

Trichopus zeylanicus

 

 

Varahi

 

Aarogyappcha

Trichosanthes cucumerina Linn.

Snake gourd

Cicindah

Paraval

Kattupadavalam

Tridax procumbens Linn.

 

 

 

Thelkuthi

Trigonella foenum-graecum Linn.

Fenugreek

Methi

Methi

Uluva

Tylophora indica  (Burm. f.) Merr.

Indian ipoecacuanh

Lataksiri

Antamul

Vallippala

Typha elephantina Roxb.

Elephant grass

Eraka

Mohitrina

Aattudarbha

Uraria lagopoides (Linn.) Desv.

 

Prishniparni

Pithavana

Cheria Orila

Urginea indica Kunth

Indian squill

Kolakanda

Janglipyaz

Kattulli

 

Vanda tessellata (Roxb.) Hook. ex G. Don

Vanda

Rasna

Rasna

Maravazha

Vanilla planifolia

Vanilla

 

 

 

Vanilla

Vernonia anthelmintica Willd.

Purple fleabane

Somraji

Aranyajiraka

Baksi

Kattujeerakam

Vernonia cinerea (Linn.) Less.

Ash-coloured fleabane

Sahadevi

Sahadeyi

Poovankurunthal

Vetiveria zizanioides (Linn.) Nash

Vetiver

Usirah

Khas

Ramacham

Vitex negundo Linn.

Five leaved chaste tree

Nirgundi

 

Samhalu

Karinochi

Vitex trifolia

Three leaved chaste tree

Sinduvarah

 

Saphed samhalu

Vellanochi

Vitis vinifera Linn.

Common grapevine

Draksa

 

Drakh

Munthiri

Wedelia chinensis (Osbeck) Merr.

 

Pitabhringarajah

Pitabhamgara

Manjakkayyunni

Withania somnifera (Linn.) Dunal

Indian ginseng

Ashwagandha

Asgandah

Amukkiram

Woodfordia  floribunda Salisb.

Fire-flame bush

Dhataki

Davi

Thathiri

Wrightia tinctoria (Roxb.) R. Br.

Pala indigo

Svetakutajah

Dudhi

Danthappala

Zingiber officinale Rosc.

Ginger

Ardrakam

Adarak

Inji

Scientific Name

English 

Sanskrit 

Hindi 

Malayalam  

 
 
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